Solution to:
The Prince and the Pearls
The best way is to put one black pearl in the first vase and all other pearls in the second vase.
Then, the probability of grabbing a black pearl from the first vase is 1,
and the probability of grabbing a black pearl from the second vase is 99/199.
The total probability of grabbing a black pearl is
0.5 × 1 + 0.5 × 99/199 = 298/398 (approximately 74.9%).
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